Glossary

Base Currency: The numerator of the traded pair.

Terms Currency (quote price): The denominator of the pair to which the price of the pair is quoted.

Buy (long): In the forex market long means that you buy the base currency and at the same time you sell the terms currency.

Sell (short): In the forex market short means that you sell the base currency and at the same time you buy the terms currency.

Bid: The best (highest) price which is offered by the buyers.

Ask: The best (lowest) price which is offered by the sellers.

Lot size: Measures the amount of the trade and refers to the base currency. This amount is standardized to 100,000 (1 standard lot), 10,000 (1 mini lot) or 1,000 (1 micro lot). When you trade a currency pair, the amount that you trade refers to the base currency, so if you sell 100,000 EUR/USD, you practically sell 100,000 EUR, and if you buy 100,000 EUR/USD, you buy 100,000 EUR. This amount (100,000) is called face value or nominal value.

Pip: A pip is the smallest price increment in forex trading. Most currencies are traded to four decimal points, so that a pip is 0.0001 or 1/100 of a cent. The exception to the four decimal points is the Japanese Yen which is normally traded to two decimal points.

Pip Value: To express the value in the terms currency, multiply 1 pip with the lot size.

  • EURUSD pip = 0.0001 X 100,000 = $10.00 (for standard lots)
    EURUSD pip = 0.0001 X 10,000 = $1.00 (for mini lots)

    To convert to the base currency divide by the exchange rate:
    Say EURUSD exchange rate = 1.4750, then $10.00 / 1.4750 = 6.78€

  • GBP / JPY pip = 0.01 X 100,000 = 1000 ¥ (for standard lots)

    To convert to an account’s currency (e.g. USD) divide by the exchange rate $/¥:
    If $/¥ = 82.12 then 1000 ¥ / 82.12 = 12.17$

Profit Loss Calculation: P/L (long) = [lots size * (close price – open price) * conversion rate] / close price
P/L (short) = [lots size * (open price – close price) * conversion rate] / close price

Conversion rate: Is the rate which converts the results of the trade (Profit / Loss) into the account’s currency e.g. suppose that we hold an account in USD and that we entered in a long British Pound position against the Japanese Yen at 130.423 and that the position has closed at 130.957. The traded amount is 5mil or 50 lots and the GBP/USD rate at the time of closing is 1.58465 (this is the conversion rate which allows the transition to our account’s currency, taking into account any triangle arbitrage opportunities).

P/L= [5mil*(130.957 – 130.423)*1.58465] / 130.957 = $32,308.43

Margin Requirement: The minimum amount which is escrowed in order to open a position. Margin depends on the account’s leverage. E.g. If the leverage is 1:30 then you are able to trade a position thirty times larger than the escrow amount.

IMPORTANT: After Market Closing on 30th of October 2020, AAAFx International will temporarily increase the Margin Requirements in all the trading Symbols described here

Initial (open) margin: The amount which must be available in investor’s account in order to open (initiate) a position. This amount is set as a percentage of the margin requirement. In AAAFX this percentage is the 105% of the margin requirement e.g. if the margin requirement for a trade is $1000 one must have available, at least, $1050 in his/her account in order to open the relevant position.

Leverage: Determines the percentage of a trade’s nominal value that is required as margin.

Swap (Rollover fees): In order to avoid any riskless profit related to the embedded compensation from the interest rates difference of the two involved currencies, an amount must be credited or debited according to short term interest rates.

Swap = [lot size * (Buy rate – sell rate)] / (365*price)

For example, assume that an investor owns 10,000 CAD/USD. The current exchange rate is 0.9155, the short-term interest rate on the Canadian dollar (the base currency) is 4.25% and the short-term interest rate on the U.S. dollar (the quoted currency) is 3.5%. In this case, the rollover interest is $22.44 [{10,000 x (4.25% - 3.5%)} / (365 x 0.9155)].

This is the general simple compound formula that has been used for rollover calculation.

So, if the currency bought has a higher short term interest rate (e.g. LIBOR) than the currency sold, then the respective amount will be credited to the investment account.

A triple storage is charged /added for the passing of a position from Wednesday into Thursday. This is because a position opened on Wednesday has Friday as a value date. So, when a position is passed from Wednesday into Thursday, the value date is moved not by 1, but by 3 days and becomes Monday.

The rollover amount (USD per std lot) appears on a daily basis at the AAAFx International website. This amount will either be credited or debited, for each currency pair, depending on the position (buy / sell).

Margin call: When the equity of an account reaches or falls below the level of margin requirement.

Stop out: The situation in which all open positions in an account are closed by the broker because the equity reaches a pre-specified level of margin requirement. In AAAFx International this level is the 70% of the margin requirement.E.g. if the margin requirement is 1,000$ and the equity of the account is 700$ then all of the open positions will be closed automatically.

CFDs link icon

CFDs

Symbol

Contract size (multiplier)

Margin %

Trading hours*

Break Time*

INDICES INDICES ESP35 1 € 2

Daily 07.00 – 19.00

INDICES GER30 1 € 2

Daily 01.30 – 21.00

INDICES US30 1 $ 2

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

INDICES JPN225 100 JPY 4

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

INDICES NAS100 1 $ 2

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

INDICES SPX500 10 $ 2

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

INDICES AUS200 1 AUD 1.5

Daily 23.50 – 21.45

Daily 07.30 – 08.10

INDICES FRA40 1 € 2

Daily 07.00 – 21.00

INDICES UK100 1 £ 2

Daily 07.00 – 21.00

INDICES EUSTX50 1 € 2

Daily 07.00 – 21.00

INDICES CHN50 1 5

Daily 02.05 – 21.55

Daily 09.30 – 10.05

INDICES US2000 1 $ 2

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

INDICES USOilSpot 10 b 5

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

COMMODITIES COMMODITIES UKoil 100 b 5

MON 01.05 – FRI 21.55

COMMODITIES XAU/USD 1 oz 2

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

COMMODITIES XAG/USD 50 oz 1

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 22.00 – 23.00

COMMODITIES Copper 1000 lbs 5

SUN 23.00 – FRI 21.45

Daily 21.55 – 23.05

COMMODITIES NGAS 1000 mmBtu 6

SUN 23.05 – FRI 21.55

Daily 21.55 – 23.05

COMMODITIES SOYF 1 $ 5

Daily 01.00 – 21.55

Daily 13.45 – 14.30

COMMODITIES WHEATF 1 $ 7

Daily 01.00 – 19.20

Daily 13.45 – 14.30

COMMODITIES CORNF 1 $ 8

Daily 01.00 – 19.20

Daily 13.45 – 14.30

TREASURY TREASURY Bund 100 € 1

Daily 07.00 – 21.00

BITCOIN BITCOIN BTCUSD 1 BTC 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

ETHEREUM ETHEREUM ETHUSD 1 ETH 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

LITECOIN LITECOIN LTCUSD 1 LTC 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

BCHUSD BCHUSD BCHUSD 1 BCH 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

EOS EOS EOSUSD 1 EOS 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

STELLAR STELLAR XLMUSD 100 XLM 20

SUN 22.00 – FRI 22.00

STOCK CFDS Stock CFDs

US Stocks

1 contract 1:5

SUN 14.30 – FRI 21.00

*GMT time
GMT time -1 (during daylight saving)

Notes:

  • Maximum number of orders: 1000

  • Maximum lots per order: 100

  • Maximum lots per order for NGas: 10

P/L Calculation (long): [(close price – open price)*contract size*lots]/conversion rate

  • Example 1: Buy 5 lots UK100 open at 7675,1 close at 7681,7. Account’s currency is EUR and the conversion rate is €/£ = 0,895
    P/L = [(7681,7 - 7675,1) * £1 * 5] / 0,895 = $36,87

  • Example 2: Buy 10 lots USOilSpot. Open at 96.05 closes at 96.62. Account’s currency USD
    P/L = [(96.62 – 96.05)*10b*10]/1$ = 57$

Margin Calculation: [(lots * contract size * price) * percentage/100] * conversion rate

  • Example: The necessary margin for the example 1 is:
    Margin = [(5 * £1 * 7675,1) * 2 / 100] / 0,895 = € 857,55
    The necessary margin for the example 2 is:
    Margin = [(10 * $96,05 * 10b) * 5 / 100] / $1 = $480,25

  • In general the contract size or multiplier gives meaning to the underlying product (index, commodity)

  • The multiplier of indices converts points into money

  • The multiplier in commodities determines the quantity of the underlying product

Rollover: Applied to all of the CFDs symbols. Rollover depends on 3 months LIBOR.

  • e.g. Client is long 10 US 30

  • The current roll (Buy) is -$0,88

  • The client will be assessed a charge of $8.80 (-$0.88 * 10) for the particular trading day.

  • Index positions will incur a 3 day rollover on Friday (22:00 GMT)

  • Metal positions will incur a 3 day rollover on Wednesday (21:00 GMT)

Trade Bitcoin CFD - Example:

  • For a USD (baseCurrency) account that selects to open a BTC/USD order at a minimum size, the following conditions apply:

  • Minimum Contract Size: 1 contract (= 1 x BTC/USD)

  • Margin Calculation: [(lots * contract size * price) * percentage/100] * conversion rate

  • Mark Up: Zero

  • Commission: $2 fixed / per contract


  • Margin Requirements for Stock CFDs can be found here


  • Example: BUY 1 GOOGL with value $1150. The margin calculation will be (amount x market price x margin percentag)/100 = (1 x 1150 x 10)/100 = 115 which is your margin requirements for the particular position

Expiration Dateslink icon

Treasury products have a quarterly expiration (please see the table below). Clients that hold an open position on the Expiration Date will be closed at our bid/offer at 21:00 GMT for BUND, the only consequence of this is the client will realize any floating P/L at the time it is closed. There are no rollovers for all Treasury contracts offered.

Expiration Dates
Bund CORNF WHEATF SOYF
7-Sep-21 26-Nov-21 26-Nov-21 27-Oct-21
7-Dec-21 24-Feb-22 24-Feb-22 29-Dec-21